At the beginning of the nineteenth century, Jerusalem was an old city, ruined and neglected. Only poor people lived there and they suffered from the filth and from sickness. The living conditions in the old city were terrible, but Jews were afraid to move out. They felt safer inside the walls. The area that is called Nachlaot was settled when the sixth neighborhood, Even Yisrael was established, pushing Jerusalem’s border to the west. Nachlaot, was in fact, a mosaic of many different communities living side by side. Located in the heart of Jerusalem, opposite the well-known Machane Yehuda outdoor marketplace, Nachlaot is situated in the heart of downtown Jerusalem, serving as a gateway to the Government Complex and Sacher Park, as well as being situated in easy walking distance to major downtown hotels, the city center, and neighborhoods including Rechavia and Shaare Chesed.